Ancient Large Mammals from Eritrea

By Tsegai Medin
Mammals are among the most adaptable animals on the planet. They are found on every continent and in every ocean, and range in size from tiny bats to enormous blue whales. The basic body type is a terrestrial quadruped, but some mammals are adapted for life at sea, in the air, in trees, underground or on two legs. The largest group of mammals have placenta, which enables the feeding of the fetus during gestation. With the exception of the five species of monotreme (egg-laying mammals), all modern mammals give birth to live young. All these five egg-laying mammals are found only in Australia and New Guinea.Mammals are among the most successful groups. One of the main reasons for their success is the way they move. As a group they use every possible form of locomotion. Terrestrial mammal species walk, run, jump, climb, hop, swing, dig, and burrow and the aquatic ones swim, shuffle, and dive. A few of them even fly. Their diet and behavior vary.

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ናቕፋ
መሬት ጽንዓትን መኸተን

ብዶ/ር ኣሕመድ ሓሰን ድሕሊ

ናቕፋን ኩለን ከተማታትን ዓድታትን ኤርትራን መበል 45 ዓመት ዝኽሪ ሓርነት ናቕፋ 23 መጋቢት ብድምቐት ኣኽቢረን። ጅግና ህዝባዊ ሰራዊት ሓርነት ኤርትራ ኣብ 1977 ንመግዛእታዊ ሰራዊት ኢትዮጵያ ካብ ከተማ ናቕፋ ሓንሳብን ንሓዋሩን ሓግሒጉ ጸራሪጉዎ። ናቕፋ ኣብ ታሪኽ ሓርነታዊ ቃልሲ ኤርትራ ብዘለዋ ዕዙዝ መለለይታታት ኣብ ኣእምሮ ሕብረተሰብ ኤርትራ ፍሉይ ቦታያ ትሕዝ። ስለዚ ከኣ ንመገዲ መጻእቲ ወለዶታት ታሪኻዊ፡ ፖለቲካውን ወተሃደራውን ብርሃን እትልግስ ኮይና ንኽትቅጽል ህዝባዊ ግንባርን መንግስቲን ፍሉይ ክብሪ ንናቕፋ ምሃቡ ዘገርም ኣይኮነን። ካብዚ ቀጺልና እምበኣር፡ ከተማ ናቕፋ ኣብ ታሪኽ ሰውራ ኤርትራ ዘለዋ ታሪኻዊ፡ ፖለቲካውን ወተሃደራውን እምነ ኩርናዕ ኣሕጺርና ነቅርብ።
ቀዳማይ፦ ናቕፋ ብ23 መጋቢት 1977 ካብ ጸላኢ ሓራ ምስ ወጸት፡ ንካልኣይ ግዜ ኣብ ኢድ ጸላኢ ዘይወደቐት እንኮ ኤርትራዊት ከተማ እያ።
ካልኣይ፦ ወተሃደራዊ ስርዓት ኢትዮጵያን ተሓባበርቱ ናይ ምብራቕን ምዕራብን ሓይልታትን ንከተማ ናቕፋ ዳግማይ ንምጉባጥ ዘካየድዎ ተኸታታ

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A Glimpse into the History Of the Dahlak Archipelago

By Northern Red Sea Museum
The Dahlak Archipelago is situated in the central part of the Eritrean Red Sea, 58 km northeast of Masswa. It encompasses about 210 islands and islets. Dahlak Kebir is the largest island in the archipelago and is 643 km² in area. It is most certain that in the ancient texts, the Dahlaks or the main islands were known by the name of Elaia.
Several classical writers such as Artemidorus and Pliny the Elder as well as chronicles like ´the Periplus Mare Erythraeia´ mention the Dahlak Islands as early as 100 B.C. Scholars have usually identified the Dahlak Archipelago with several islands that classical sources mention to have exported tortoise shells to Adulis.

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“Eritrea has made a good progress in terms of Human Development Index” – UNDP Representative in Eritrea

Interview conducted by Sabrina Solomon

Our guest today is Mr. James Wakiaga. He is the UNDP Resident Representative in Eritrea and we will be talking about the human development report of 2021 and 2022. This report is a follow-up from last year which was aired on Eri-Tv and covered on Eritrea Profile Newspaper.

Q – Thank you for your time Mr. James. Please tell us about UNDP activities in Eritrea?
Thank you for having me. UNDP has been in Eritrea since 1992 and then we formalized our existence in 1994. We’ve basically been a partner with the Government of the State of Eritrea for the last twenty-five years and we remain a partner of choice working very closely with the Government and other development players in this country to promote sustainable development. Therefore we had quite huge spectrum of areas that UNDP is closely partnering with the Government, ranging from the areas of…

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“ጂኖሳይድ”- ከም ጥበብ ፖለቲካን ፕሮፓጋንዳን

“ህልቂት ህዝቢ genocide፡ ምጽናት ዓሌት ethnic-cleansing፡ ገበናት ኲናት war crimes፡ ገበናት ኣብ ልዕሊ ሰብኣውነት crimes against humanity፡ ግህሰት ሰብኣዊ መሰል human rights violation፡ ባርነት slavery፡ ንግዲ ደቂ-ሰብ humman trafficking ወዘተ. ዝብሉ ኣምራት፡ ኣብ ምድረ ኣመሪካን ኤውሮጳን ካልእን ኣብ ልዕሊ ኣህዛብ ዝወረደ በደል ንምግላጽ ዝተዋህቡ ኣስማት ኮይኖም፡ ንኣፍሪቃውያን ምስ ባህሎምን ታሪኾምን ዘይከዱ ጓና ኣምራት እዮም። ቅድሚ ኣማኢት ዓመታት፡ ቀዳሞት ኤውሮጳውያን ሰፋሮ ምድረ ኣመሪካን ካናዳን፡ ሰፊሕ መሬት ንምግባት፡ ደይ መደይ ኢሎም ንሚልዮናት ሰብ-ርስቲ ብኲናትን ዝተፈላለየ ክፍኣትን፡ እንተላይ ቫይረስ-በዲዶ ዘለዎ ኮቦርታ ብሓገዝ እናዓደሉን ሕማም ሸሮኽ እናላብዑን ህዝቢ ዘይኮነ ብዙሓት ዓሌታት ኣህዛብ እዮም ኣጽኒቶም። ካብ ኣፍሪቃ ገላዩ ንምውሳድ ዝፍጽምዎ ዝነበሩ ግፍዒን በደልን ድማ መዳርግቲ ኣይርከቦን።

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መልእኽቲ ሚኒስትሪ ትምህርቲ
ብምኽንያት 8 መሰከረም

ኣህጉራዊ መዓልቲ ምጥፋእ መሃይምነት ምጥፋእ መሃይምነትን ለውጢ ኣብ ኣተሓሕዛኡን ኣህጉራዊ መዓልቲ ምጥፋእ መሃይምነት፡ ብዓለም ደረጃ ኣብ 8 መስከረም ተዘኪራ እትውዕል ዕለት እያ። ኣብ ሃገርና ኣብዚ ዓመት እዚ፡ ንመበል 21 ግዜ ብዓለም ደረጃ ድማ ንመበል 57 ግዜ ትዝከር ኣላ። እዛ ዕለት፡ መደባት ትምህርቲ ንዓበይቲ ኣብ ሃገርና ንክልተ ኣካዳሚያዊ ዓመታት ተቛሪጹ ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ፡ ኣብ ናይ 2021/2022 ዓመተ-ትምህርቲ ዳግም ተኸፊቱ – ኣብ ዞባታት ዘተባብዕ ንጥፈታት ኣብ ዝካየደሉን ንሓድሽ ዓመተ ትምህርቲ ምድላው ኣብ ዝግበረሉን ዘሎ እዋን እያ ትዝከር ዘላ። ኣብዚ ዓመት’ዚ ዝተራእየ ገስጋስ፡ ዝተቐስመ ተመኩሮ፡ ዘጋጠመ ሕጽረታት ይኹን ብድሆታት ከኣ፡ ከም ኣገዳሲ መወከሲ ክስረሓሉ ይግባእ።ኣህጉራዊ መዓልቲ ምጥፋእ መሃይምነት፡ ግንዛበን መረዳእታን ብምፍጣር፡ ተሳታፍነትን

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መልእኽቲ ሚኒስትሪ ቱሪዝም
ብኣጋጣሚ ኣህጉራዊ መዓልቲ ቱሪዝም

ኣህጉራዊ መዓልቲ ቱሪዝም፡ ዓመታዊ ኣብ 27 መስከረም ዝኽበር በዓል ኮይኑ፡ ቀንዲ ዕላማኡ፡ ማሕበረ-ሰብ ዓለም ብዛዕባ ማሕበረ-ቁጠባዊ ኣገዳስነት ጽላት ቱሪዝም፡ ግቡእ ርድኢት ከምዝህልዎ ንምግባር እዩ። ናይ ሎሚ ዓመት መዓልቲ ቱሪዝም፡ “ሕውየት ቱሪዝም” ኣብ ትሕቲ ዝብል ቴማ፡ ኣብ ዓለም ንመበል 43፡ ኣብ ሃገርና ድማ ንመበል 27 ግዜኡ ተዘኪሩ ይውዕል ኣሎ። ኣህጉራዊ መዓልቲ ቱሪዝም፡ ዓመት መጽአት፡ ዘሎና ቱሪዝማዊ ጸጋታትን ካብኡ ዝምንጩ ርሒብ ማሕበረ-ቁጠባዊ ዕድላትን እተዘኻኽረናን ጽላታዊ ራእይና ንኸነስምር ኣበርቲዕና ንኽንዓዪ ሓላፍነት እተሰክመናን ዕለት ብምዃና፡ ኣገዳስነታ ዕዙዝ እዩ። መንግስቲ ኤርትራ፡ ካብ ቀዳሞት ዓመታት ናጽነት ጀሚሩ፡ ንጽላት ቱሪዝም ከም ቀንዲ መንኰርኰር ሃገራዊ ልምዓት ብምግንዛብ፡ ክሰርሓሉ ጸኒሑን ይሰርሓሉ ኣሎን።

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The Essence of Stone Monuments In Eritrea´s Antiquity

By Abraham Zerai
The comprehension of social relations through the window of monumentality features one of the key aspects of archaeological studies. The presence of monumental features and particularly monumental tombs and ceremonial structures in the landscape help archaeologists understand the organization of social landscapes in archaeology. These studies provide insight into subsistence, domestic economy, and mobility. Monumental structures also appear to lend themselves more readily to discussions about social relations, as spaces of social inclusion and exclusion, large-scale exchanges of concentrating resources, or containers of social markers.The northern Horn of Africa is a juncture of major crossroads in antiquity where a cultural history without a hiatus delimits the dynamism of the past in the region.

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Eritrea’s Marine Resources Contribute to Boost Agricultural Productivity by Producing Liquid Fertilizer

Even though, the major challenge of Eritrea’s agriculture is shortage of water, its degraded land also negatively affects productivity. The country’s soil which generally, is known to be calcareous alkaline with very low organic matter and agricultural nutrient content needs continuous amendment to sustain agriculture. For this reason, Eritrean farmers have been heavily dependent on the supplemental use of chemical fertilizers mainly DAP and Urea. Although the use of chemical fertilizers is known to boost agricultural production, its continuous use results in serious environmental problems, including ground water contamination. Chemicals leaching and running off from farm lands also make their way in to water bodies, including the sea to cause death of terrestrial and aquatic organisms.

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تأجيج الكراهية أسوأ جريمة

جريدة ” ارتريا الحديثة ”
في الوقت الذي بدأت فيه أثيوبيا وشعبها مرحلة جديدة من عملية الإصلاح وما تحتويه من مساعى السلام والصداقة على المستوى الإقليمي التي انطلقت في عام 2018، جاءت الحرب بالوكالة التى اشتعلت لإرجاع عجلة التاريخ للوراء من خلال تعطيل تلك العملية وماخلفتها من آثار سجلها التاريخ على أنها من أكثر القصص المخزية والمثيرة للقلق التى شهدها القرن الحادي والعشرين،بسبب الدمار الكبير والإبادة البشرية التي خلفتها.
ان التدخل في الشؤون الداخلية لدولة ذات سيادة وعزل جزء من شعبها وتغذية أفكاره بمزاعم لاتوجد على أرض الواقع بانه مهمش ومعزول ومحاصر ، لجعله في وضع نفسي قلق يدفعه الى خوض حروب مع اخوته وجيرانه يعتبر جريمة نكراء أرتكبت في حق الشعوب، تركت وراءها تجربة مريرة يجب أن يستلهم منها الدرس والوعي على مستوى الإقليم بحيث لاتتكرر في المستقبل .بدلاً من ذلك ، فحتى في هذا الوقت الذي تظهر فيه آمال السلام بعدما حل كل ذلك الموت والدمار ، نشاهد حدة الحملة الدعائية تتصاعد لتأجيج الكراهية والعداء ولمواصلة الحرب غير المبررة والفاشلة بوجه آخر. فكما هو ظل يتبع دائماً ،يركز الهدف الأول لهذه الحملة على الشعب الأرتري وكذلك داخل إثيوبيا على شعب أمحرا ،حيث يتم تفعيل الحملة

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ምስዋር ጽልኢ – ዝኸፍአ ገበን

ኣብ 2018፡ ህዝቢ ኢትዮጵያ ዘንቀሎ ናይ ዕረያ (reform) መስርሕን ብዞባ ደረጃ ዘርሓዎ ሓድሽ ምዕራፍ ሰላምን ምሕዝነትን ብምኹላፍ፡ መንኰርኰር ታሪኽ ንድሕሪት ንምምላስ ዝተወልዐ ናይ ውክልና ኲናት (proxy war) ኣስዒብዎ ዘሎ ከቢድ ሰብኣዊ መቕዘፍቲን ዕንወትን፡ ሓደ ካብ ዘሕንኽ ዛንታታት መበል 21 ክፍለ-ዘመን ኮይኑ ኣብ ታሪኽ ሰፊሩ ኣሎ። ኣብ ውሽጣዊ ፖለቲካዊ ፍልቀት ሓደ ሃገር ጣልቃ ብምእታው፡ ንሓደ ክፋል ሕብረተሰብ ብዘየለ ተጻብኦን ከበባን ኣርዒድካ፡ ናይ ተነጽሎን ምጉናይን ጭኑቕ ስነ-ኣእምሮ ፈጢርካ፡ ምስ ኣሕዋቱን መናብርቱን ምንቛት፡ ዘስገድግድ ገበን ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢታት ኮይኑ፡ እዚ ዘይምኽኑይ ኲናት፡ ድሕሪ ደጊም ብዞባ ደረጃ ትምህርቲን ንቕሓትን ክቕሰሞ ዝግባእ መሪር ተሞኩሮ ሓዲጉ ኣሎ። የግዳስ፡ ድሕሪ’ዚ ኩሉ ህልቂትን ዕንወትን፡ ሰላም ክሰፍን ተስፋ ኣብ ዝተሰንቀሉ ሰዓት እውን፡ ነዚ ብፍሽለት ዘኽተመ ብዓንተቦኡ ኣድላይነት ዘይነበሮ ኲናት፡ ብኻልእ መልክዕ ንምቕጻሉ፡ ጽልኢን

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THE HORN OF AFRICA:
ERITREA’S ROLE TO CEASE REGIONAL CONFLICT

By:Ali Said Faqi
Former Ambassador of Somalia to Benelux and EU
The Horn of Africa is a home for people of different ethnicity, cultures, languages, and religions. The region has endured endless conflicts, spanning from the struggle for independence, and civil war in Somalia to ethnic tensions and rival nationalisms in Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Sudan. The region also suffers recurring droughts that have displaced millions of people, making the HOA one of the largest refugee hubs on the continent. Equally, political instability, unmanageable corruption, and terrorism play a significant role in the suffering of the people in this region. Other destabilizing factors include arms smuggling from Yamen, piracy and illegal fishing in the Indian Ocean, foreign interventions, and uncontrolled borders. All these coupled together with the foreign powers vying to control the region because of its strategic, economic…

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A Positive Step Toward The Conservation and Sustainable Use of Eritrea’s Living Marine Resources

By Dr. Fikrejesus Amahazion
Last week, Eritrea signed on to the Food and Agricultural Organization’s (FAO) Agreement on Port State Measures. The move is a significant and welcome step toward more effectively combating illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing in the region, and it is expected to play a positive role in contributing to the long-term conservation and sustainable use of Eritrea’s living marine resources and marine ecosystems. The following several paragraphs discuss several important points and provide a brief general overview.

What is the Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA)?
Formally known as the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the PSMA was approved by the FAO, a specialized agency of the United Nations, in November 2009. Several years later, in June 2016, it entered…

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ቃል ኣሰናዳኢ

ኣስታት ርብዒ ዘመን ድሕሪ ዝወሰደ ተሪር ቃልሲ ኣንጻር ኩሉ መዳያዊ ተጻብኦ ምዕራባውያን ሃገራትን ዞባዊ ኣገልጋሊኦምን፡ ሎሚ ባና ብሩህ መጻኢ ህዝቢን ሃገርን ኤርትራ ዝያዳ ቀሪቡ ኣብ ዝርኣየሉ ትስፉው ግዜ በጺሕና ኣሎና። ርግጽ’ዩ ናብዚ ምዕራፍ’ዚ ንምብጻሕ ዝተሰግረ መስገደላት፡ እምበረ መጠን በዳሂን ዓቕሊ ዝፈታተንን እዩ ነይሩ። ሳላ ጥሙር መኸተ ህዝቢን ውፉይ ጻዕሪን መስዋእቲን መንእሰያት ኤርትራ ግን፡ እቲ ልዑል ተጻዋርነት ዝሓተተ ጸዋግ ግዜ፡ ታሪኽ ዝኾነሉ ነጥበ መሳግሮ ክንረግጽ በቒዕና።ህዝቢኤርትራ፡ኣብዚናይድሕሪናጽነትተጋድሎምውሓስልኡላውነት፡ልክዕ ከም ኣብ እዋንሓርነታዊ ቃልሱ፡ ሕልፈትን መዋጽኦን ካብ ካልእ ኣይተጸበየን። ኣብ ገዛእ ነብሱ ተኣማሚኑ፡ ወናኒ ሓራፖለቲካዊ መስመሩንምርጫኡንብምዃን፡ልኡላውነቱንምድፋር ዘንቀደወራራትሓምሺሹ፡ መሰነይታኡበብዓይነቱ እገዳታትን ጸቕጢታትን ሽርሒታትን ከይተንበርከኸን ከይተሓለለን ብልዑል ጽንዓት ሰጊሩ ብኣንጸባራቒ ዓወት ክወጽእ ክኢሉ ኣሎ። ኣብዚ መኸተ’ዚ ከቢድ ዋጋ ዝኸፈለ ብቐንዱ መንእሰይ ኤርትራ እዩ። ካብኡ ናብኡ ድማ እቶም ኣብ ቅድመ ግንባር ተሰሊፎም፡ ኩሉ ውልቃዊ ዕድላቶም ሰዊኦም፡ ልኡላውነት ሃገሮም ዘየድፈሩ

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Eritrea and Somalia:
Cooperation and Partnership
For Peace and Stability

By Dr. Fikrejesus Amahazion
Last week, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of Somalia, arrived in Eritrea for a multi-day visit. It was his second such visit to the country in the space of just several months, following his trip this past July. These trips, which include extensive consultations at the Heads of State level, tours of various national development projects, and visits to Somali troops undergoing special military training, reflect the strengthening relationship between Somalia and Eritrea. Disappointingly, but perhaps ultimately not surprisingly, the growing solidarity between the two countries, especially in terms of defense and security, has elicited a loud chorus of inexplicable opposition from a number of Western voices. In addition to being misguided and unfair, this response is hypocritical and rooted in arrogance.

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UNFCCC- COP 27

Speech Delivered By Mr. Tesfai Ghebreselassie Sebhatu,
Minister of Land, Water and Environment Of Eritrea

Honorable Chairperson,
Excellencies Heads of Country Delegates,
Distinguished UNFCCC Secretariat,
Dear COP 27 Participants,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

On behalf of the Eritrean delegation, I would like to join predecessor speakers in thanking the people and government of the Arab Republic of Egypt for the generous hospitality accorded to us since our arrival here in this beautiful city of Sharm Al Sheikh, and congratulate them for the wonderful job they have done to host UNFCCC-COP 27 and for assuming the presidency of the same.

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ዝኽሪ ልደት ባጤራ ናቕፋ

8 ሕዳር 1997፡ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንፈለማ ግዜ ብናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ሃገራዊ ባጤራ “ናቕፋ” ክግልገል ዝጀመረላ ታሪኻዊት ዕለት እያ። ምእዋጅ ባጤራ ናቕፋ፡ ኣብ ግዜኡ ዓቢ ታሪኻዊ፡ ፖለቲካዊን ቁጠባዊን ትርጉም ዝነበሮ’ዩ። ብሩራዊ እዮቤልዩ ናይዚ ኣገዳሲ ፍጻመ’ዚ እምበኣር፡ ምስ ቃልሲ ዝሓለፈ 25 ዓመታት፡ ምስ ህልዊ ዞባዊ ምዕባለታትን እዋን ምስግጋር ናብ ሓድሽ ምዕራፍን ኣዛሚድካ ብድምቀት ምዝካሩ ዘግባእብእ እዩ። ኣብዚ ናይ ሎሚ ኤርትራን ከባቢኣን፡ ዕድጊ ብገንዘብ፡ ካብ ስልጣነ ኣዱሊስ ጀሚሩ ዝውቱር ምንባሩ ጥንታዊ ቅርሲታት የመልክቱ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ ኣብ ቅድመ መግዛእታዊ ታሪኹ፡ ብከም በዓል “ማርያ ተሬዛ” ዝኣመሰሉ ናይ ዝተፈላለየ ነገስታት ባጤራ ይጥቀም ምንባሩ እውን ይፍለጥ። ኣብ እዋን መግዛእቲ ጣልያን፡ ምምሕዳር ብሪጣንያን ጎበጣ ኢትዮጵያን ብባጤራ ናይዘን ሃገራት ክግልገል ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ ከኣ፡ ኣብ ታሪኹ ንፈለማ ግዜ ብናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ሃገራዊ ባጤራ ዝተገልገለ ኣብዚ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን’ዩ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡

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ዮሃና ብሩራዊ እዮቤልዩ
ሃገራዊ ባጤራና “ናቕፋ”

መሓመድ ኑር ያሕያ
ከም ዝፍለጥ ነፍሲ ወከፍ ሃገር ናይ ገዛእ ርእሳ ሃገራዊ ባጤራ ኣለዋ። ባጤራ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ኣብ መንጎ ውልቀሰባትን ትካላትን ንዝካየድ ገንዘባውን ንግዳውን ምልውዋጥ፡ ምስ ናይ ካልኦት ሃገራት ባጤራታት እናተሸራረፈ ድማ ኣብ ኣህጉራዊ ናይ ሸርፊ ዕዳጋን ሸመተን ዘገልገል መሳርሒ እዩ።ሎሚ፡ ሃገራት ዓለም፡ ኩለን ነናተን ሃገራዊ ባጤራ ኣለወን። ገለ ከም ሃገራት ኤውሮጳ ዝኣመሰላ ድማ ብሓባር ዝግልገላሉ ዞባዊ ባጤራ ኣለወን። ሰባት፡ ኣብ ኣህጉራዊ ንግዳዊ ርክባት ዓበይቲ ባጤራታት ከም ዶላር፡ ፓውንድ፡ ዩሮ፡ የንን ካልኦትን ክጥቀሙ ይመርጹ። ኤርትራ እውን ከም ሃገር ናታ ባጤራ ክተውጽእ መሰላ ስለዝኾነ፡ ዕድመ ናጽነታ ሽዱሽተ ዓመት ኣብ ዘቚጸረሉ፡ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ብቁጽሪ 69/1997 ዝፍለጥ ሕጋዊ ኣዋጅ ብምውጻእ “ናቕፋ” ዝስሙ ሃገራዊ ባጤራ ብምውጽእ፡ ባጤራ ብር ብወግዓዊ ባጤራ ኤርትራ ከም እተተክአ ኣፍሊጡ።እቲ ብመንግስቲ ኤርትራ ዝወጸ ኣዋጅ፡ ሸቶታት ቁጠባዊን ማሕበራዊን ልምዓት ንምዕዋት ናጻ ገንዘባዊ ፖሊሲ ከምዘድሊ፡ ሚዛን መሰርሕ

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Eritrea observes World Food Day And International Day For Eradication of Poverty

This year’s World Food Day (WFD), and International Day for Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) were commemorated under the themes ‘Leave no One Behind’ and ‘Dignity for all in Practice’ respectively at Embaderho, Serejeka Sub-zone of the Central Region, on the 17th of October 2022. The event which was coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) was attended by Ministers, high government officials; ambassadors and a number of representations of different countries; honorary consuls, UN agencies, MoA Officials; agricultural experts; farmers and other invited guests.

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الثامن من نوفمبر
اليوبيل الفضي لعملتنا الوطنية ” نقفه “

بقلم : محمد نور يحيى
عملتنا الوطنية ” نقفه ” تزخر برموز كفاحية وأبعاد سياسية ودلالات اقتصادية. وكما هو معروف لكل دولة عملتها الوطنية التي تمثل وسيلة لإجراء عمليات التبادل التجاري بين الافراد والمؤسسات، وترتبط بعملات أخرى وفقا لسعر الصرف الاجنبي مقابل العملة الوطنية. وأصبحت جميع دول العالم تستخدم اليوم عملات رئيسية في المعاملات الدولية مثل الدولار والجنيه واليرو والين وغيرها من العملات، حيث هناك رغبة كبيرة لدى المستخدمين في التعامل مع العملات المقبولة من قبل كل دول العالم لإتمام عمليات التبادل فيما بينها.
بعد مرور ستة اعوام من التحرير وأربعة اعوام من الاستقلال، أصدرت الحكومة الارترية مرسوما تشريعيا رقم 69 لعام 1997 والقاضي بإصدار العملة الوطنية ” نقفه “، وإلغاء البر الاثيوبي الذي كان سائدا. وأوضح المرسوم بأن تحقيق

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نقفه يا ارض الصمود
ويا رمز التحدي

بقلم: د.أحمد حسن دحلي
احتفلت مدينة نقفه ومعها كل مدن وقرى ارتريا في 23 مارس المنصرم بالعيد الخامس والأربعين لبزوغ شمس الحرية في رحابها، عندما اكتسح الجيش الشعبي في عام 1977 قوات الاحتلال الاثيوبي، واجتث جذور الاستعمار مرة واحدة والى الابد. فنقفه تتمتع بل وتتميز بعدة خصائص في تاريخ النضال التحرري الارتري، مما جعلها تتبوأ مكانة خاصة وفريدة في الذاكرة الجماعية الارترية، وعليه فلا غرو إذا ما خلدتها الجبهة الشعبية الحكومة الارترية لكي تظل منارة تاريخية وسياسية وعسكرية تنير الدرب على مدى الاجيال المتعاقبة.
ونوجز فيما يلي الخصائص التي تميزت بها مدينة نقفه في المنعطفات التاريخية والسياسية والعسكرية الحرجة والحاسمة في تاريخ الثورة الارترية.

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ፊልም “ማጨሎ”

ሰሎሞን ድራር
ብመንጽር ታሪኽ ሶፕ-ኦፔራ ብቐዳም 30 ሓምለ 2022፡ ኣብ ኣዳራሽ ምምሕዳር ዞባ ማእከል፡ ነታ ንልዕሊ ክልተ ዓመትን መንፈቕን ኣብ መደባት ኤሪ-ቲቪ ዝቐረበት ተኸታታሊት ፊልም ‘ማጨሎ’ – ወግዓዊ ምዝዛም ተገይሩላ። ኣብ’ቲ ስነ-ስርዓት፡ ነታ ፊልም ዝድህስሳ ኣፈናዊ ወረቓቕቲ/ጽሑፋት ቀሪበን ነይረን። ሓንቲ ካብኣተን ብደራሲ ሰሎሞን ድራር ዝቐረበት – ናይ ‘ጦብላሕታ’ ርእይቶ ወካሊት ኰይና ስለዝተራእየትና፡ ትሕዝቶኣ ከምዘለዎ ናባኹም ነብሎ ኣሎና። -መጀመርያ፡ ኣብዚ ዕዙዝ ኣጋጣሚ ጦብላሕታይ ኣብ ፊልም ማጨሎ ከቕርብ ዕድል ስለዝተዋህበኒ አመስግን። ንማሕበረ-ሰብ ፊልም ማጨሎ ኸኣ እንቋዕ ኣሐጐሰኩም እብሎም። ፊልም “ማጨሎ” ዓሌታ ሶፕ-ኦፔራ እዩ። ኣብ ዓለምና፡ ሶፕ ኦፔራ ኣብ ጥቅምቲ 20,1930 ኣብ ቺካጎ ሕ.መ.ኣመሪካ፡ ብፈነወ ሬድዮ እዩ ጀሚሩ። ኣብ 31 ጥሪ 1949 ከኣ፡ “These are my children” እትብል ናይ ተለቪዥን ሶፕኦፔራ ቀሪባ። ን24 መዓልቲ ምስ ተፈነወት ድማ ተቛሪጻ።

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ግህሰት ልኡላውነት ብሽፋን ሰላም

ኣብ ልዕሊ ሩስያ መሸንቆቛ ኣጽቢብካ፡ ብምዕራብ ዝዝወር እንኮ ቁጥባዊ ዓለማዊ ስርዓት ምውሓስ ዝዕላማኡ፡ መንኰርኰር ታሪኽ ንድሕሪት ናይ ምምላስ ሃቐነ፣ ኣዕኑድ መትከላት ሕ.ሃ. ኣብ ምድልዳል ብዙሓዊ ምሕዝነት እናዕነወ፣ ንክቡር ባህጊ ህዝብታትን ሃገራትን ዓለም ዝጻረር ኣዝዩ ሓደገኛ ኩነት ፈጢሩ ኣሎ። ምስ ኲናት ኡክራንያ ተኣሳሲሩ፡ ኣብ ምድሪ ኤውሮጳ ኣንጠጥዩ ዘሎ ንድሕነት ብዙሓት ሃገራትን ህዝብታትን ዝጸሉ፡ እንተላይ ተኽእሎ ኒዩክለሳዊ ኲናት ዘዐርግ ከቢድ ወተሃደራዊ ወጥሪ ውጽኢት ናቱ እዩ። ኲናት ኡክራንያ፡ ዛጊት ኣብ ሰላምን ጸጥታን ዓለምና ኮነ ኣብ ዓለማዊ ቁጠባዊን ንግዳዊን ንጥፈት ኣኸቲልዎ ብዘሎ ቅልውላውን ዕቑር ተኽእሎታቱን፡ ኣብዚ እዋን’ዚ እቲ ዝዓበየ ዓለማዊ ስግኣት’ዩ። ካብኡ ዝዓቢ ካልእ ስግኣት ኣሎ ክብሃል ኣይከኣልን።

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ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ኣብ ኣፈፌት ሓድሽ ምዕራፍ

ኣብ መፋርቕ 20 ዘመን፡ ቀጥታዊ መግዛእቲ ካብ ዘብቅዕ ንድሓር፡ ዞባ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ንኣስታት 80 ዓመታት፡ ካብ ኲናትን ግጭትን ኣዕሪፉ ኣይፈልጥን። ሰለስተ ወለዶታት ሰላማዊ ኣየር ኣስተንፊሶም ኣይፈልጡን። ሱር መሰረት ናይዚ ዕድል ወለዶታት ዘኽሰረ ህውከት’ዚ፡ ፖሊሲታት ሓድሽ መግዛእቲ ከምኡ’ውን ግሎባዊ ስትራተጂ ዝድርኺቱ ኣራግጽ ርእሰ-ሓያላን ኣብ ዘመነ ዝሑል ኲናትን ድሕሪኡን’ዩ። መጋበርያ ስርዓታት ምርካብን ዘቤታዊ ድኻማትን ድማ ምቹእ ባይታ ፈጢርሉ። ድሕሪ’ዚ ዘሕዝን ታሪኽ፡ ሎሚ፡ ዞባና ኣብ ኣፈፌት ሓድሽን ትስፉውን ምዕራፍ ይርከብ። ነዚ ምዕባለ’ዚ ዝወለደ ብቐንዱ ዝሓለፈ መሪርን ኣኽሳሪን ተሞኩሮ ዝዀስኰሶ ንቕሓት’ዩ። ኣብ ኢትዮጵያ ኣንጻር ከፋፋሊን ዓሌታዊን ፖለቲካ ዝማዕበለ ንቕሓት፡ ኣብ 2018 ንመጋበርያ ስርዓት ወያነ ካብ ስልጣን ምግላፉ፡ ሓደ ካብ ምልክታት ምብቃዕ ዝሓለፈ መዋእል’ዩ ነይሩ። ክንዲ ዝኾነ፡ ድሕሪ’ዚ ፍጻመ’ዚ፡ ቅልጡፍን ብዙሕን ፍጻመታት ተደራሪቡ። ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ካብ ኩነተ-

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الذكرى الاربعين
للحملة ألعسكرية الاثيوبية ألسادسة
او ” حملة ألنجم ألأحمر “
1982 ـ 2022

يوم الاثنين الموافق للعشرين من يونيو الجاري، سيحيي الارتريون في ربوع الوطن وفي بلدان المهجر ذكرى يوم الشهداء، شهداء معركة حق تقرير المصير، وشهداء حرب التحرير، وشهداء حرب الدفاع عن السيادة، وذلك على مدار نصف قرن كامل، أي من عام 1961 لغاية عام 1991، ومن 1998 لغاية 2018. فعلى مدى عقدين وزهاء نصف عقد، مارست الانظمة الاستعمارية الاثيوبية المتعاقبة على ارتريا سياسة الارض المحروقة، اي منذ عام 1967 لغاية 1991، مرتكبة المذابح الجماعية النكراء في معظم المدن والقرى الارترية، وتشريد السكان، وتدمير القري، وابادة المواشي، وتسميم آبار المياه، وحرق الاشجار والغابات …الخ والنظام العسكري الاثيوبي بدعم من الاتحاد السوفيتي السابق، والمانيا الشرقية السابقة، واليمن الجنوبي السابق، ومساعدات مالية ليبية، وتواطؤ النظام السوداني خاصة والمجتمع الدولي عامة، شن ثماني حملات عسكرية

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Eritrea: Essential Education Indicators

Eritrea Essential Education Indicators is the official, annual education publication of the Ministry of Education (MoE) dealing with basic essential indicators. It is the 22nd report produced by the Department of Research and Human Resource Development in terms of organization of schools in the six administrative zobas, the Zobas. The sources of information for this publication are annual school censuses carried out by Zoba education offices through standard questionnaires. This publication covers data from Early Childhood Education (ECE) and General Education (Elementary, Middle and Secondary level). The main purpose of the 2018/19 publication is to provide useful, relevant, reliable and up-to-date information on education for various stakeholders within and outside the education sector. The MoE believes that the data presented in this publication is by no means considered exhaustive. For further inclusion and refinement to be made, the Ministry of Education is working to improve the quality and coverage of the education statistics.

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መጻሕፍቲ ስዉእ ተጋዳላይ
ኣልኣሚን መሓመድ ስዒድ

ብዶ/ር ኣሕመድ ሓሰን ድሕሊ

ነቲ ብብጻይ ስዉእ ተጋዳላይ ኣልኣሚን መሓመድ ስዒድ ተደሪሱ ዝተዘርግሐ ሓሙሽተ መጻሕፍቲ ቅድሚ ምቅራበይ፡ ብዛዕባ ዝምድናታትና ኣብ ግዜ ቃልሲን ድሕሪ ናጽነትን ክጠቅስ እፈቱ። ንመጀመርታ ግዜ ዝተራኸብናሉ ኣብ 1969 ኣብ ሜዳ ምስ ተሰለፍኩ፡ ኣብ ሓደ ደጀን ሰውራ ኤርትራ ዝኾነ እምባ ገደም እዩ። ቅድሚኡ ካብ 1967 ጀሚረ ኣብ ምስጢራዊ ዋህዮ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ እየ ነይረ። ስዉእ ኣብ’ቲ እዋን’ቲ ኣብ ራብዓይቲ ክፍሊ ሓላፊ ክፍሊ ሕክምና’ዩ ነይሩ። ኣነ ድማ ኣባል ናይ’ቲ ስዉኣት ተጋደልቲ ሙሳ ባቕርን ኣሕመድ ሓሰበላን ዝመርሕዎ ክፍሊ ዕጥቂእየ ነይረ። ካብ’ቲ እዋን’ቲ ጀሚሩ ከኣ ዝምድናታትና ደልዲሉ። ኣብ ግዜ ሰውራ ምስኡ ብዙሕ ቃለ መጠይቓት ገይረ ነይረ።ድሕሪ ናጽነት’ውን ብመገዲ ማእከል እስትራተጂያዊ መጽናዕቲ ኤርትራ ዓሚቊ ቃለ መጠይቓት ኣካይደሉ ኣሎኹ። ከምኡ’ውን ከም ኣባል ልኡኽ ሃገረ ኤርትራ ምስኡ ናብ ፓሪስ፡ ኻርቱምን ከሰላን ከይደ ኣሎኹ። ብተወሳኺ ምስኡ ኣብ ከተማ ምጽዋዕ ኣብ ገለ ርክባት መንግስቲ ኤርትራን

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Synopsis of the Archaeological Findings from the Greater Asmara Area

By: Abraham Zerai
The 1st millennium B.C. is an important period to understand changes in settlement, technology and economies that gave rise to the development of complex societies in various regions of the African continent. The Horn of Africa saw the development of extensive highland agro-pastoralist village communities as well as elite ritual centers in highland Eritrea and northern Ethiopia. The expansion of cultural exchanges and interaction patterns during the epoch had significant impacts on the development of agro-pastoralism, permanent village settlement and continuation of ritual manifestations.The 1st millennium B.C. witnessed the culmination of socio-economic and socio-political patterns and processes that began earlier around the 5th millennium.

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